Located in the southern part, Brighton Beach is a neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York City. The neighborhood is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean from the south, Ocean Parkway from the west, Sheepshead from north and Manhattan Beach from the east. Brighton Beach is best known for its high-density Russian-speaking population and the neighborhood is a popular summer destination in New York City.
The primary zip code of Brighton Beach is 11235 and the area is represented by the New York City Council's 48th District. The neighborhood was founded by William A. Engeman in 1868.
According to the stats of 2010, the population of Brighton Beach was 35,547 which is 0.9% more as compared to the population in 2000 which was 35,244. The total area of the neighborhood was 393.32 acres and its population density was 57,900/sq mi; 22,300/km2. Brighton Beach is a diverse neighborhood and its racial makeup is 69% White, 1% African American, 0.2% Native Americans, and 12.9% Asian.
As discussed earlier, Brighton Beach was developed by William A. Engeman and named by Henry C. Murphy. Initially, the neighborhood was a resort placed on a beach. The major enhancement in the area started when Brighton Beach Park opened in 1905. There were a lot of entertainment spots in the park including a huge roller coaster, games and a boardwalk. However, in 1919, the park burnt down and then it was shut down.
When the Brighton Beach railway opened in 1920, the neighborhood re-emerged as a largely residential neighborhood. Life standard decreased in Brighton Beach after World War II as the poverty dominated the neighborhood. However, in the 1970s, the Soviet immigrants mostly from Russia moved to the neighborhood and hence the area was given the name of ‘Little Odessa’.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, an influx of immigrants, especially from Azerbaijan and Georgia, made Brighton Beach their home. As a result, many Russian schools, restaurants, shops and bars opened in the neighborhood. Drug trading remained a social issue of Brighton Beach till the 1990s but the price of real estate started to rise again in that time period.
Park lovers will find this place heaven as Brighton Beach has numerous parks including Brighton Beach Playground, Century Playground, The Coney Island Boardwalk and Beach, Grady Playground, and a traffic island at Brighton. Residents enjoy easy access to the neighborhood as B and Q train of the New York City Subway served Brighton Beach.
The neighborhood hosts many public schools like William E. Grady Vocational High School, Abraham Lincoln High School, the Rachel Carson High School for Coastal Studies and the Leon M. Goldstein High School for the Sciences.
Brighton Beach remained quite popular in culture with the nomination in many films including Weather Is Good on Deribasovskaya, It Rains Again on Brighton Beach, Little Odessa, and Requiem for a Dream. Notable residents of the neighborhood include Jerry Wurf, Marat Balagula, Eddie Daniels, Gene Russianoff, Sergei Kobozev, Neil Sedaka, Herbert Berman, Lea Bayers Rapp, and Howard Greenfield.