Often, when people think of distinct architectural styles, Craftsman houses pop into their minds. This style, also called the Arts and Crafts style, came to life in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Its roots are in the Arts and Crafts movement. What makes these homes special? Their simple beauty, handmade touches, and bond with the outdoors.
In this guide, we will delve into Craftsman houses’ characteristics, history, and enduring appeal.
The Craftsman house style originated in the United Kingdom during the late 1800s as a response to the industrialization and mass production that characterized the Victorian era.
The movement, led by artists and craftspeople like William Morris, sought a return to craftsmanship and traditional techniques, valuing the beauty of handmade items over machine-made ones. This ethos eventually made its way to the United States, where it found a receptive audience.
Craftsman houses usually have flat, wide roofs with big eaves jutting out. The tops often display open rafters and fancy supports, boosting its overall appeal.
A hallmark of Craftsman houses is the welcoming front porch. These porches are often supported by thick, tapered columns, showcasing the handcrafted nature of the architecture.
Deep overhanging eaves and exposed rafters are key design elements. These features not only provide shade but also contribute to the visual appeal of the home.
Dormer windows are common in Craftsman houses. They stick out from the roof and serve two purposes – they look good and bring in sunlight to the top floors.
True to the Arts and Crafts philosophy, Craftsman homes showcase handcrafted details, including built-in furniture, intricate woodwork, and artisanal finishes.
Craftsman homes usually have open layouts. This means rooms flow into each other easily. It’s a big change from older homes with many separate rooms.
The use of natural materials, such as wood, stone, and brick, is a common feature in Craftsman homes. This further connects the architecture to the surrounding environment.
Craftsman homes come in various types, each with its own unique features and characteristics. Some notable types of Craftsman homes include:
This is perhaps the most common type of Craftsman home, characterized by a single-story design, wide eaves with exposed rafters, and a front porch with sturdy columns.
Influenced by Spanish colonial architecture, Mission Revival Craftsman homes feature stucco exteriors, red-tiled roofs, and arched doorways.
This type combines the Craftsman style with a square floor plan, often featuring a hipped roof, central dormer, and a large front porch.
Inspired by Frank Lloyd Wright’s Prairie style, these homes emphasize horizontal lines, flat or hipped roofs, and integration with the natural surroundings.
Named after the famous Gamble House in Pasadena, these Craftsman homes are known for their iconic design, overhanging eaves, and rich wood detailing.
These smaller versions of Craftsman homes often feature the same architectural elements but in a more compact and cozy setting.
American Craftsman House style in interior design mirrors the same rules found in Craftsman houses: simplicity, a focus on craftsmanship, and a connection with nature. This design style, sparked by the Arts and Crafts movement, centers around natural elements, and a warm, welcoming vibe.
Wood is key, appearing as exposed beams, built-in furniture, and intricate woodwork to enhance the area. A color scheme of subdued, earthy tones sets a calm and peaceful ambiance. Rather than overloading with furniture, the aim is on pieces that are both useful and of high quality.
Accessories like stained glass, hammered copper, and handmade materials complement the authentic Craftsman scene, joining aesthetics and practicality. The target? A space that is both inviting and visually appealing, capturing the ageless charm of the Craftsman style.
Craftsmen, mansions, and farmhouses represent distinct architectural styles, each with its unique characteristics. Craftsman homes, rooted in the arts and crafts movement, feature low-pitched roofs, spacious front porches, and handmade details emphasizing simplicity and nature.
Mansions, on the other hand, are large, lavish residences often linked to splendor and grandness. They can adopt various architectural designs, showing off elaborate layouts, roomy interiors, and high-end finishes. Farmhouses, drawn from rural living, generally have practical layouts, gabled roofs, and wide front porches.
Building a Craftsman home could cost more than other simpler designs. Their unique details and high-quality materials are main factors behind their additive cost. Craftsman homes often have elaborate woodwork, which adds to the cost. They also require specific design elements which increase expenses. Plus, the work and time it takes to create the Craftsman look can make it more expensive than other styles.
Yes, Craftsman-style houses still attract a lot of interest. People appreciate their enduring charm and unique architectural elements. Originating in the early 1900s, these homes are known for their attention to craft, use of natural stuff, and careful design. The style still draws people because of its cozy and welcoming look, features like wide eaves, visible rafters, decorative beams, and handcrafted elements.
The Gamble House in Pasadena, California, designed by Greene and Greene, is a quintessential example of the Craftsman bungalow style. It features a low-pitched gabled roof, deep eaves with exposed rafters, and a wraparound porch supported by tapered columns.
The Frank Lloyd Wright-designed Robie House in Chicago is another example of a Prairie-style Craftsman home. It features a low-pitched roof with wide eaves, horizontal lines, and a strong connection to the surrounding gardens.
Craftsman homes have captured people’s interest for many reasons over time. Some appreciate their role in history or their aesthetically pleasing design. Others value their functionality. Regardless of the specific appeal, these houses offer an escape from today’s fast-paced world. They serve as a reminder of people’s ability to craft dwellings that are both lovely and practical.