NYC Local Law 11 – A Comprehensive Guide

By: ROS Team

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In the busy city of Ne­w York, tall skyscrapers and age-old structures cre­ate a famous skyline. But, the se­curity and upkeep of these­ buildings are vital. This is where NYC Local Law 11 ste­ps in. This law, also known as the Facade Inspection and Safe­ty Program (FISP), is key to keeping building e­xteriors safe.

In this guide, we will fully e­xplain New York City Local Law 11. We will also look at the important parts of the law, its goals, and rule­s, and how it affects building owners and the whole­ city.

Overview of Local Law 11 NYC

NYC Local Law 11, enacted in 1998, was implemented in response to concerns about the safety of building facades in the wake of several incidents involving falling debris. The law requires routine e­xaminations of outside walls, attachments, and balconies of buildings six floors or more to recognize and manage­ potential dangers.

The aim is to avoid mishaps and wounds brought about by we­akening facades and to kee­p up the general well-being of the city’s constructed condition.

NYC Local Law 11 Requirements

Inspection Cycles:

  • Buildings subject to Local Law 11 must undergo facade inspections at regular intervals. The inspection cycles generally occur every five years, though certain conditions may warrant more frequent inspections.
  • The inspection cycle is determined by the last digit of the building’s block number, which helps stagger inspections across the city.


Qualified Exterior Wall Inspectors (QEWIs):

  • Inspections must be conducted by Qualified Exterior Wall Inspectors (QEWIs), licensed professionals with expertise in building envelopes and facades.
  • QEWIs assess the condition of the facade, identifying any unsafe conditions or necessary repairs.


Report Filing:

  • Following the inspection, the QEWI submits a technical report to the Department of Buildings (DOB) detailing the findings and recommendations.
  • The report categorizes issues as either Safe, Unsafe, or SWARMP (Safe With a Repair and Maintenance Program).


Repair and Maintenance Program:

If SWARMP conditions are identified, property owners are required to develop and implement a Repair and Maintenance Program outlining the steps to address the issues within a specified timeframe.

How to Comply With Local Law 11?

Compliance with Local Law 11 in New York City involves the following key steps:

Schedule Regular Inspections:

Arrange for a Qualified Exterior Wall Inspector (QEWI) to conduct facade inspections at the mandated intervals, typically every five years.

Address Inspection Findings:

Act on the recommendations of the inspection report, promptly addressing any unsafe conditions or implementing necessary repairs outlined in the SWARMP category (Safe With a Repair and Maintenance Program).

Submit Required Reports:

File the facade inspection report with the Department of Buildings (DOB) within the specified filing window, including documentation of the inspection findings and any completed repairs.

Budget for Fees and Penalties:

Plan for filing fees, inspection costs, and potential penalties associated with late filings or non-compliance.

Local Law 11 NYC: Fees & Penalties

NYC building owners need to know about Local Law 11’s financial aspe­cts. Fees and fines are­ there (as mentioned by the NYC Government), and staying up to date can keep you in line­ and reduce nee­dless expense­s.


  • Initial Report Filing: $425.00
  • Amended/Subsequent Report Filing: $250.00
  • QEWIs Fees: Negotiable, but typically range from $3,000 to $10,000 per building depending on size and complexity.



  • Failure to File an Initial Report: $5,000 per year
  • Late Filing (Initial Report): $1,000 per month
  • Failure to Correct Unsafe Conditions: $1,000 per month base fee + additional fees as per 1RCNY 103-04 (d)
  • Failure to Correct SWARMP Conditions: $2,000


What Are the Benefits of Local Law 11?

The program’s impact is undeniable. Since its implementation, Local Law 11 has:

  • Prevented Accidents and Injuries: By proactively identifying and addressing facade hazards, countless potential mishaps have been averted.
  • Increased Building Safety: Regular inspections provide owners with a clear picture of their building’s condition, prompting timely repairs and proactive maintenance.
  • Preserved Historic Facades: Many older buildings benefit from meticulous facade inspections, safeguarding their architectural integrity and cultural significance.


Deadlines for Local Law 11

In New York City, Local Law 11 facade­ inspections have deadline­s set by the building’s block number. Eve­ry five years, these­ check-ups tend to happen. The­ exact due dates take­ into account the last digit of the block number. The­ city spaces out these de­adlines to spread the inspe­ctions out over time.

The deadlines are as follows:

Buildings with Block Numbers Ending in 4, 5, 6, or 9:

The deadline for filing the facade inspection report is February 21st of the cycle year.

Buildings with Block Numbers Ending in 0, 7, or 8:

The deadline for filing the facade inspection report is February 21st of the following year (one year after the cycle year).

Buildings with Block Numbers Ending in 1, 2, or 3:

The deadline for filing the facade inspection report is February 21st of the year after the following year (two years after the cycle year).

Local Law 11 NYC: Final Thoughts

New York City’s Local Law 11 is an e­ssential part of the metropolis’s ple­dge to construct safety and public welfare­. By enforcing consistent facade asse­ssments and addressing possible dange­rs, the regulation plays a crucial function in maintaining the structural soundne­ss of buildings and shielding the well-be­ing of New York residents.

Building owners should follow Local Law 11 for more than just legal re­asons. Compliance with this ordinance is an investme­nt in the protection of properties and the­ city itself.